Why European architecture is a lasting inspiration


Tradition and innovation, past and future: Europe is a region that has left an indelible mark on the history of global architecture and continues to set standards. Let’s explore why and what elements still make it unique today.

What is European style architecture?

European architectural styles have evolved over thousands of years and it reflects the continent’s rich history and culture. From ancient times to today, these styles have greatly influenced architecture around the world. Here’s a simple overview.

  • Ancient Greek and Ancient Roman architecture. These styles are known for their use of columns, arches, and domes, focusing on balance and the right proportions, which are key ideas in architecture.
  • Byzantine architecture. It features large domes and detailed decorations, mixing Eastern designs with traditional forms and representing the melting-pot of cultures in the Byzantine Empire.
  • Romanesque and Gothic architecture. They are two kinds of architecture recognized for strong structures and detailed exteriors. Gothic style especially aims to reach upward and bring in light.
  • Renaissance and Baroque architecture. These periods brought back classical ideas, with balanced and symmetrical designs that became more dramatic and decorative in the Baroque era, reflecting the vibrant culture of the time.
  • 19th century architecture. During this time, architects looked back at history with Neoclassical and Gothic revival. 
  • Modernism and Contemporary architecture. These newer styles focus on simplicity and practicality, with new materials and technologies to push the limits of design.

Each historical period adds its unique touch to Europe’s architectural landscape and evolved with the changes in society, technology, and art. This ongoing evolution continues to shape and inspire architecture all over the world.


Why Europe has good architecture


When it comes to architecture, Europe remains a major source of inspiration and admiration. Its thousand-year-old historical legacy has clearly played a significant role in the unique development of ideas, styles, and creativity. 

European culture has successfully integrated elements not only from its own history but also from interactions with other cultures throughout the centuries. At the same time, starting from the 20th century, European architecture has blended modern aspects and historical ones. This approach might be considered a gamble, but it has had the merit of keeping the tradition alive.

It is therefore not surprising that European architecture is admired for many reasons.

  • Historical importance. Europe’s cities are steeped in history, evident in their buildings. Many structures are centuries old, representing styles like Gothic, Baroque, Neoclassical, and Renaissance. These historic buildings add to the beauty of European cities.
  • Smart city design. European cities are often well-designed, with thoughtful layouts that include wide streets, public squares, and green spaces. This careful planning makes these cities visually appealing.
  • Conservation efforts. European nations work hard to keep their architectural heritage intact. Historic buildings are well-maintained and restored, preserving their original charm. Laws and rules also protect these buildings from being torn down or improperly changed.
  • Variety in styles. Europe offers a wide array of architectural styles, each unique and attractive. From France’s grand cathedrals to Italy’s colourful homes, the architecture here caters to various preferences.
  • High-quality craftsmanship. European architecture is known for its exceptional craftsmanship. Skilled workers have produced detailed and ornate features in many buildings, enhancing their beauty.
  • Mix of old and new. Many European cities blend modern architecture with historic structures beautifully. This mix of the past and present adds to the cities’ aesthetic appeal.


How to blend old and new architecture?


Mixing old and new architecture is a creative challenge that can lead to stunning, functional spaces that honour historical roots while incorporating modern designs. Strategies for blending old and new architecture include key steps. 

  • Respect historical context. It is vital to understand the importance and style of the existing building. Any additions should match and enhance the original design, like using similar materials and proportions.
  • Use contrast thoughtfully. A mix of old and new styles can be striking. For example, pairing a modern glass and steel structure with a brick Victorian building can showcase both styles. The contrast must look intentional and cohesive.
  • Create smooth transitions. It is important to connect old and new parts of a building in a way that feels seamless. Proper placement of windows, doors, or corridors that fit well with both old and new parts can help.
  • Incorporate modern materials and technology. The blending process requires the use of new materials and technologies to make the old structure more functional and sustainable without overshadowing its historic charm.
  • Preserve architectural Integrity. It is crucial to maintain the original architecture’s integrity. New designs should not overpower or drastically change the existing structure in a way that takes away from its historical value.
  • Harmonise colour and texture: Choosing the right colours and materials is important for blending different architectural styles. 

A clear example of old and new blending together is the Louvre Museum in Paris, notably recognized for the glass pyramid at its entrance. The Louvre was originally a royal palace and now as a museum: it houses artworks from around the world and is one of the most sought-after cultural destinations.

Inside, there is the New Department of Islamic Art, which stands out not only for the works it houses but also for the setting it offers to visitors with an installation that resembles a silk scarf, created by architects Mario Bellini and Rudy Ricciotti

The result was achieved by combining an expanded silver anodized metal mesh with a golden one: an innovative material that finds application in contemporary architecture thanks to the geometries, interplays of light, and shapes that give character to buildings. And it showcases how tradition and innovation blend perfectly in European architecture. 


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